martedì 24 aprile 2018

Agenda DX 24/04/2018

ANNIVERSARIO EMITTENTE
Radio America, Bolivia (1976)
Radio San Rafael, Argentina 620 Khz (1938)

lunedì 23 aprile 2018

SWLDXBulgaria News, April 22-23

AUSTRALIA   Very good signal of Reach Beyond Australia in 19mb, April 23
1115-1130 on 15575 KNX 100 kW / 310 deg to CeAs English Mon-Wed/Fri
1315-1330 on 15320 KNX 100 kW / 310 deg to SoAs English Mon/Wed/Fri
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/very-good-signal-of-reach-beyond_23.html

DENMARK   Reception of World Music Radio Denmark, April 23
from 0505 on 5840 001 kW Randers/Denmark, weak/fair signal
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/04/reception-of-world-music-radio-denmark_23.html

EGYPT   Much odd frequencies of Radio Cairo on April 22:
2000-2115 on  9894.7 ABS 200 kW / 325 deg to WeEu French
2115-2245 on  9799.7 ABS 200 kW / 325 deg to WeEu English
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/much-odd-frequencies-of-radio-cairo-on.html

ESWATINI(non)   TWR Africa on 9940 kHz via Grigoriopol & Manzini, April 22
1800-1830 on  9940 KCH 300 kW / 157 deg to EaAf Kunama Sun
1905-1935 on  9940 MAN 100 kW / 343 deg to CeAf Lingala Daily
1935-1950 on  9940 MAN 100 kW / 343 deg to CeAf French Daily
Again with old TWR IS: This is Trans World Radio Swaziland.
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/twr-africa-on-9940-khz-via-grigoriopol.html

ETHIOPIA   Reception of Radio Deegaanka Soomaalida Itoobiya on April 22:
from 1953 on  5940 JJG 100 kW / non-dir to EaAf Somali, very good signal
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-radio-deegaanka-soomaalida.html

FRANCE(non)   Voice of Independent Oromiya & Voice of Amara via TDF Issoudun April 22
1600-1630 on 17850 ISS 250 kW / 130 deg to EaAf Oromo Su Voice of Independent Oromiya
1700-1800 on 15360 ISS 250 kW / 120 deg to EaAf Amharic Sa-Mo/We Voice of Amara Radio
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/voice-of-independent-oromiya-voice-of_23.html

GERMANY   Again unscheduled broadcast of New Shortwave Radio for Europe on April 22
1800-2200 on  3975 WIS 001 kW / non-dir to NWEu English Mon-Sat + Sun, fair to good
Probably new schedule of New Shortwave Radio for Europe is ONLY 1800-2200UT on 3975
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/unscheduled-broadcast-of-new-shortwave.html

GERMANY(non)   Pan American Broadcasting & Voice of Oromo Liberation, April 22
Pan American Broadcasting via MBR Nauen
1430-1445 on 15205 NAU 250 kW / 094 deg to SoAs English Sun, fair to good signal
Voice of Oromo Liberation via MBR Nauen
1700-1730 on 15420 NAU 100 kW / 144 deg to EaAf Afar Oromo Wed/Fri/Sun, very good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/pan-american-broadcasting-voice-of_23.html

GERMANY(non)   Lutheran World Federation/Voice of Gospel via MBR Issoudun, April 22
1830-1900 on 15315 ISS 500 kW / 180 deg to WCAf Fulfulde Sawtu Linjilia, fair/good:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/lutheran-world-federationvoice-of_23.html

KOREA SOUTH   Very good signal of KBS World Radio, April 23
0900-1000 on 15160 KIM 250 kW / 290 deg to N/ME Korean
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/very-good-signal-of-kbs-world-radio.html

KUWAIT   Reception of MOI Radio Kuwait General Service on April 23:
0200-0630 on  5959.9 KBD 250 kW / non-dir to N/ME Arabic, weak/fair
0500-0900 on 15515.0 KBD 250 kW / 059 deg to EaAs Arabic, very good
1000-1200 on 17760.0 KBD 250 kW / 084 deg to SEAs Filipino, good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-moi-radio-kuwait-general_23.html

NUMBERS STATION   E11 Oblique and S06s Russian Lady in 41 & 25mb on April 23
1045-1048 on  7317 unknown secret tx site to Eu English USB mode E11 Oblique
1210-1216 on 11460 unknown secret tx site to Eu Russian CUSB S06s Russian Lady
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/e11-oblique-and-s06s-russian-lady-in-41.html

PHILIPPINES   Good signal of FEBC Radio/Radio Teos on April 22:
1500-1530 on 11650 BOC 100 kW / 323 deg to CeAs Russian
1530-1600 on 11650 BOC 100 kW / 323 deg to CeAs Russian Mon-Sat
1530-1600 on 11650 BOC 100 kW / 323 deg to CeAs Ukrainian Sun
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/good-signal-of-febc-radioradio-teos-on.html

RUSSIA   Good signal of GTRK Adygeya/Adygeyan Radio, April 22
1900-2000 on  6000 ARM 100 kW / 188 deg to CeAs Adygeyan Sun:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/good-signal-of-gtrk-adygeyaadygeyan_23.html

SAUDI ARABIA   Very good signal of Al-Azm Radio & Rep.of Yemen Radio, April 23
from 0535 on 11745 JED or RIY / unknown to N/ME Arabic BSKSA Al-Azm Radio
from 0540 on 11860 JED or RIY / unknown to N/ME Arabic Rep.of Yemen Radio
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/very-good-signal-of-al-azm-radio-repof.html

SECRETLAND(non)    From the Isle of Music via SPL Secretbrod on April 22:
1500-1600 on  9400 SCB 100 kW / 030 deg to EaEu English/Spanish Sun, fair
Updated summer A-18 schedule of Brother HySTAIRical TOM via SPL Secretbrod
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-from-isle-of-music-via-spl.html

SINGAPORE(non)   BBC WS and NHK World Radio Japan on 11695 kHz, April 23:
1000-1100 on 11695 SNG 250 kW / 340 deg to SEAs English BBC World Service
1100-1130 on 11695 SNG 250 kW / 000 deg to SEAs English NHK World R.Japan
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-bbc-ws-nhk-world-radio.html

SOUTH AFRICA   Reception of Channel Africa & Deutsche Welle via Meyerton, April 23
0600-0655 on 11925 MEY 250 kW / 315 deg to WeAf English Mo-Fr Channel Africa, good
1000-1100 on 17710 MEY 250 kW / 007 deg to EaAf Swahili Daily Deutsche Welle, good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-channel-africa-deutsche.html

SRI LANKA(non)   SOH Xi Wang Zhi Sheng vs. FEBA Radio on 11580 kHz, April 23:
2300-1600 on 11580 unknown kW / non-dir to EaAs Chinese SOH Xi Wang Zhi Sheng
1330-1345 on 11580 TRM 125 kW / 345 deg to SoAs English Mon FEBA plus jamming
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/soh-xi-wang-zhi-sheng-vs-feba-radio-on.html

U.K.(non)   Follow The Bible Ministries via Woofferton/Ascension on April 22:
1830-1858 on 11850 WOF 300 kW / 114 deg to N/ME Arabic  Sun, very good signal
1900-1928 on  9600 ASC 250 kW / 115 deg to SoAf English Sun, weak/fair signal
1900-1928 on 12030 ASC 250 kW / 065 deg to WeAf English Sun, very good signal
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/follow-bible-ministries-via_23.html

U.K.(non)   Radio Dandal Kura Int. & FEBA Radio via Woofferton/Moosbrunn on April 23
0700-0800 on 13810 WOF 250 kW / 165 deg to WeAf Kanuri Radio Dandal Kura Int, strong
0800-0830 on 15260 MOS 100 kW / 115 deg to N/ME Arabic FEBA Radio/Radio Sama, good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/radio-dandal-kura-int-radio-via.html

U.K.(non)   Radio Ranginkaman/Radio Rainbow via BaBcoCk Tashkent, April 23:
1600-1630 on  7580 TAC 100 kW / 236 deg to WeAs Farsi Mon/Fri, fair to good
No signal of Radio Payem e-Doost via BaBcoCk Grigoriopol on April 21/22/23:
1800-1845 on  7480 KCH 500 kW / 116 deg to WeAs Farsi probably is cancelled
0230-0315 on  7460 KCH 500 kW / 116 deg to WeAs Farsi probably also deleted
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/radio-ranginkamanradio-rainbow-via_23.html

USA   Good signal of WHRI Angel 1 & WRMI-1 with VOROW, April 22
World Harvest Radio Int. Angel 1
2200-2300 on  9505 HRI 250 kW / 047 deg to WeEu English Sun as scheduled
WRMI-1 Voice of Report of the Week
2200-2300 on  7780 YFR 100 kW / 044 deg to WeEu English Sun, unscheduled
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/good-signal-of-whri-angel-1-wrmi-1-with.html

UZBEKISTAN(non)   North Korea Reform Radio via Tashkent on April 22
2030-2130 on  7500 TAC 100 kW / 076 deg to NEAs Korean, good signal
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-north-korea-reform-radio_23.html

UZBEKISTAN(non)   Radio Free North Korea & Voice of Wilderness via Tashkent, April 23
1200-1300 on 15630 TAC 100 kW / 076 deg to NEAs Korean R.Free North Korea,  very good
1330-1530 on  7625 TAC 100 kW / 070 deg to NEAs Korean Voice of Wilderness, fair/good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/radio-free-north-korea-voice-of.html

--

73! Ivo Ivanov
More information on the shortwave listening hobby,
please visit to http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com

QTH-1: Patreshko, Bulgaria
Receiver: Afedri SDR
Software: SDR-Console v2.3(using remote connection)
Antennas: various Inverted V and beverage antennas.

QTH-2: Sofia OK2, Bulgaria
Receiver: Sony ICF-2001D
Antenna: 30 m. long wire

Media & Tech - 23/04/2018

W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation #2018-112

Greetings to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the
world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” daily W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation
Forecast.

It’s the only daily global HF radio wave propagation forecast produced on
the planet.

I'm a retired heliophysicist, terrestrial meteorologist/climatologist and
one of the few on the planet with advanced education and forecast
experience in both disciplines. In terrestrial weather forecasting I have 45
years of experience and in space weather 34 years.

Created and disseminated by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM in Lakeland, FL, USA ©
1988-2018.

If you find this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast useful to your
hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me
know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com

I enjoy hearing from likeminded fellow radio enthusiasts.

Hams and SWLs that are interested in solar, space & geomagnetic weather as
well as radio wave propagation are a special group of people interested in
broadening their knowledge in science.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Here is my new HF radio wave propagation web page where you can sign up to
receive this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast via email.

https://groups.io/g/w4hmradiowavepropagationforecast

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by Groups.io, so
you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a
password.

#112 Issued Monday April 23, 2018 at 1500 UTC

Important Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Indices-

The daily solar flux index numbers (DSFI) were 76.1 75.7 74.8

There had been 5 days in a row with a 2000 UTC daily solar flux index number
(DSFI) greater than 70.

The official daily sunspot number (DSSN) was 20.

There had been 4 days in a row with a daily sunspot number (DSSN) greater
than 0.

In 2018 there had been 67 days with a daily sunspot number (DSSN) of 0.

Sunspot group #12706 was located near N03E22 with a relatively simple beta
magnetic signature capable of releasing a very small B class solar flare and
an isolated small in size C class solar flare.

Sunspot group #12707 was located near S10E08 with a simple alpha magnetic
signature capable of releasing a very small A class solar flare and an
isolated very small in size B class solar flare.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval planetary K index (Kp) had been at a
quiet to geomagnetic condition of 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 2.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum solar wind speed ranged between 481 &
415 km/s.

Global Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast-

HF radio wave propagation condition trend April 23, 2018- improving.

HF radio wave propagation condition trend April 24, 2018- steady.

HF radio wave propagation condition trend April 25, 2018- steady.

Northern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

We are now in the fall/spring equinox type of HF radio wave propagation
conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly
balanced across the equator during the fall and spring equinox.

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9 +1 to 9 at night and S1-3
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+ 1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at
night and S8-9 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S4-7 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0-1 at day.

Southern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

We are now in the fall/spring equinox type of HF radio wave propagation
conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly
balanced across the equator during the fall and spring equinox.

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9+1 to 9 at night and S1-3
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at
night and S8-9 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S4-7 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0-1 at day.

This HF Radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the SIGINT_CAP
HF radio wave propagation prediction software. I wrote it beginning in the
late 1980’s but I’m sorry to say that it can’t be distributed to the general
public. It does outperform VOA CAP.

And though this HF radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the
SIGINT_CAP software, I do check the actual band conditions at my location in
the USA and tweak the forecast manually where and when necessary.

I also check global HF radio wave propagation conditions via remoted radio
receivers on every continent of the globe and tweak the forecast manually if
and when necessary.

And last but not least I look at ionsonde stations on every continent of the
globe.

The hamateur radio JT65A mode RF signal levels received are based on 5 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio PSK31 mode RF signal levels received are based on 25
watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio CW mode RF signal levels received are based on 50 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio SSB RF mode signal levels received are based on 100 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The HF shortwave broadcast band AM Mode RF signal levels are based on
100,000 watts (100 kw) and a typical high gain VOA type curtain array
antenna.

Please keep in mind that this is a relatively simplified HF radio wave
propagation forecast, so as to keep it easily understandable and applicable
by the average radio enthusiast.

Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly balanced
during the fall and spring equinoxes and most diametrically opposed during
the summer and winter solstices.

Conditions change daily, weekly, monthly, yearly and by decade, as the
sun rises and sets at different times and at different angles from the
ecliptic, as well as by radio wave frequency. This is due to changes in the
maximum usable frequency (MUF), lowest usable frequency (LUF) and F layer
critical frequency (FoF2). Also by propagation path.

The D and E layers also come into play through RF radio wave signal
absorption and refraction. And then there is sporadic E (Es) radio wave
propagation that can really throw a wrench into the gears so to speak.

Things like sporadic E (Es) radio wave propagation and lightning storm
static can impact HF radio wave propagation in an unpredictable manner and
mostly bad.

Ongoing solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on also impact HF radio
wave propagation conditions in a negative manner.

Lower high frequency (80-30 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner not so much by variations in the maximum usable frequency
(MUF) along a particular propagation path and time but rather due to
geomagnetic elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms (Kp-5 &
greater) that increase signal absorption via the E layer (the altitude of
the radio aurora). Also increases in the lowest usable frequency (LUF) via D
layer RF signal absorption due to hard x-rays, galactic cosmic waves,
elevated background solar flux levels greater than B0 and energetic proton
flux levels at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

Higher frequency (20-10 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner by variations in the maximum usable frequency (MUF) along a
particular propagation path and time due to the current sunspot number and
also due to elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms of Kp-5 &
greater. Also D layer RF signal absorption due to elevated (greater than B0)
background solar flux levels. Also to a lesser extent elevated proton flux
at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO ACTUAL
HF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-

NOTE!!! The propagation indices "interpretations" are my personal
intellectual property. Therefore the radio wave propagation indices
interpretations contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2018 by Thomas F.
Giella, W4HM, all rights reserved. Reproduction of information herein is
allowed without permission in advance as long as proper credit is given.

All 14 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to
see the best global high frequency radio wave propagation possible,
something that happens rarely.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.

3.) A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation
of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days
consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer
than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days
consecutively, greater than C1 best.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign,
indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora
absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF
signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery
time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A
positive number is best.


Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space
Environment Center, other U.S. government entities and educational
institutions, to produce this daily HF radio wave propagation
forecast. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using
taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily HF propagation forecast that I produce from the RAW
public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this
daily HF radio wave propagation forecast contained herein is copyrighted ©
1988-2018 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Also HF radio wave propagation forecasting is still an inexact
science and therefore also an art. The forecasts are not official but for
educational and hobby related purposes only and are subject to human error
and acts of God, therefore no guarantee or warranty implied.

Glenn Hauser logs April 22-23, 2018

** NEWFOUNDLAND. 2598-USB, April 23 at 0128, YL voice in English with marine weather, VP S4-S5 about equal to noise level. Canadian Coast Guard schedule shows starting at 0107 is VOK Labrador via St. Anthony, Newfoundland Island site. Nothing on 2749-USB right now, normally stronger from NS area if anything be on (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** NORTH AMERICA. 6960-AM, April 23 at 0056, JBA music S6 vs S5 noise level, and some stronger ute bursts. Slightly better at 0122 with ECSS, music, some SSB ACI. These say it`s Dr. Detroit:
https://www.hfunderground.com/board/index.php/topic,41983.0.html
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** NORTH AMERICA. 6905-AM, April 23 at 0057 blues music at S7-S9, with barking, YL talking with dance music, synthetic voice rappy in English nonsense. No ID circa hourtop. Off by 0122 check. These say it`s Clever Name Radio:
https://www.hfunderground.com/board/index.php/topic,41982.0.html
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. WORLD OF RADIO 1926 monitoring: confirmed, restored to 2330 UT on WBCQ 9330v-CUSB: Sunday April 22 good signal on 9329.9v-CUSB. 

Also confirmed UT Monday April 23 at 0130:30 on WRMI, S9+40 on 5850, S9-S5 on 7780 --- but third frequency 5950 is off. It had been on before 0100 with Eslovaquia; at 0050 no longer with the big SAH, but still trace of another signal, presumably Iran. Also confirmed UT Mon Apr 23 from 0300:30 on Area 51 webcast, and until 0329:30 on WBCQ 5129.8v. JBA UT Mon Apr 23 at 0330 on WRMI 9955, but definitely on webcast. And still repeating immediately from 0400 on webcast only, a full schedule for which is not available. More below about WRMI`s new schedule display. Next:
Mon 2330   WBCQ 9330v-CUSB to WSW
Tue 0030   WRMI 7730 to WNW
Tue 2030   WRMI 7780 to NE, 9455 to WNW [or #1927?]
Tue 2130   WRMI 7780 to NE, 9455 to WNW [or #1927?]

Full WOR sked on all outlets, podcast access:
http://www.worldofradio.com/radioskd.html
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. Checking http://www.tinyurl.com/WRMIfqs I see that the program skedgrid below the transmission skedgrid has been completely reorganized! --- now it`s System by color-coded System, each of which will be on a variety of frequencies depending on the time. This is more explicit than before. But it would still be helpful to have a separate schedule sorted by frequency. Otherwise you have to hunt thru the Systems for a particular frequency and time.

WORLD OF RADIO times are as before, including the new one Sunday at 1900 on 9395, and the almost-new one Monday at 0130 on 5850, (5950-not), 7780. AND, still allegedly Saturday 2300 on 7780, while VORW has really been airing.

Now there`s a better view of System G - Oldies, and all the variations from that. But strangely, shows RAE in German M-F at 19-20 UT on 9395, but Italian M-F at 20-21 UT on 9455. Yet System D shows 20-21 UT with variety programming on 9455 and 7780, including WOR Tuesday at 2030 as before. 9455 can`t be on both Systems at once. 

NOTE that System G and System B (mainly 9955) are displayed in EDT!! While the others are in UT. It`s still not 100% accurate compared to monitoring, e.g. Overcomer really running beyond 0500 on 7570 as heard last night (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 

** U S A. 7490, April 23 at 0107, WBCQ with Blalock the Blaster; 9330 with Brother Scare; 5130 with Area 51 music (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5050, UT Mon Apr 23 at 0055, still no signal from WWRB nor anywhere on 90m. 15240 also missing earlier, so maybe just totally off, whatever the nominal scheduling may now be (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 7505v, April 23 at 0107, still no signal from WRNO (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. No one asked, but anyhow, I left one number out of the URL for recording of KLEY Wellington KS; should have a 1 after SNAFU as I anticipate adding a 2: how it sounded April 20 when tuned to 1129-USB:
http://www.w4uvh.net/KLEY1130SNAFU1.mp3
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. 11990-12007 approx., April 23 at 0113, huge distorted blob peaking about 12000, S9+10, cannot make out any rational modulation in AM or FM modes. Maybe Cuba. RHC is OK on 11840, 11760, 11700, 11670 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report dispatched at 0421 UT April 23

Propagation outlook from Boulder

:Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2018 Apr 23 0149 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC contact on the Web
# http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/weekly.html
#
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
#
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 16 - 22 April 2018

Solar activity was very low. Region 2706 (N03, L=281, class/area
Dao/130 on 22 Apr) produced the strongest flare of the period, a B5
at 20/1704 UTC. The region continued slow growth through the end of
the reporting period. No Earth-directed CMEs were observed in
available coronagraph imagery.

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit ranged
from normal to high levels on 10-20 Apr; high levels on 22 Apr and
moderate to high levels for the remaining days of the reporting
period. The peak flux observed was 24,100 pfu at 21/2120 UTC.

Geomagnetic field activity was quiet until 20 Apr, when unsettled to
G2 (Moderate) geomagnetic conditions were observed in response to
CIR ahead of a negative polarity CH HSS. Total field peaked at 23 nT
around 20/0510 UTC and slowly declined to around 5 nT by late on 20
Apr. Solar wind speeds were increased from around 290 km/s to a peak
of near 620 km/s during the HSS proper late on 20 Apr. The
geomagnetic response decreased to quiet to unsettled conditions over
21 Apr and finally to quiet on 22 Apr as influence from the CH HSS
waned.

FORECAST OF SOLAR AND GEOMAGNETIC ACTIVITY 23 APRIL - 19 MAY 2018

Solar activity is expected to be very low throughout the forecast
period.

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is
expected to be at moderate to high levels on 23-30 Apr and 07-19
May; normal to moderate levels are expected from 01-06 May. Elevated
levels of electron flux are expected due to the anticipation of
multiple, recurrent CH HSSs.

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to reach unsettled levels on
26 Apr, 06 May, 09-10 May and 19 May; active levels are expected on
27 Apr, 07-08 Apr and 18 May; G2 (Moderate) geomagnetic storm
conditions are likely on 17 May. All enhancements in geomagnetic
field activity are associated with the anticipated influence of
multiple, recurrent CH HSSs. The remaining days of the outlook
periods are expected to be mostly quiet.

:Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2018 Apr 23 0149 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC contact on the Web
# http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/wwire.html
#
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2018-04-23
#
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2018 Apr 23      75           5          2
2018 Apr 24      75           5          2
2018 Apr 25      75           5          2
2018 Apr 26      75           8          3
2018 Apr 27      75          12          4
2018 Apr 28      75           5          2
2018 Apr 29      75           5          2
2018 Apr 30      75           5          2
2018 May 01      75           5          2
2018 May 02      75           5          2
2018 May 03      70           5          2
2018 May 04      70           5          2
2018 May 05      70           5          2
2018 May 06      70          10          3
2018 May 07      70          15          4
2018 May 08      70          12          4
2018 May 09      70          10          3
2018 May 10      70           8          3
2018 May 11      70           5          2
2018 May 12      70           5          2
2018 May 13      70           5          2
2018 May 14      70           5          2
2018 May 15      70           5          2
2018 May 16      70           5          2
2018 May 17      75          42          6
2018 May 18      75          12          4
2018 May 19      75           8          3
(SWPC via DXLD)

Stations heard in Sanxenxo, Pontevedra with XDATA D-808 and telescopic antenna

ANGOLA, 4950, Radio Nacional de Angola, Mulenvos, 1845-1906, 20-04, Portuguese, comments, African songs, id. Radio Nacional de Angola, news. 25322.

ETHIOPIA
5950, Voice of Tigray Revolution, Addis Ababa, 1716-1730, 20-04, East African songs, Vernacular comments. 25322.

6030, Radio Oromiya, Addis Ababa, 1727-1736, 20-04, Vernacular comments. 24322.

6090, Voice of Amhara State, Addis Ababa, East African songs, Vernacular comments. 24332.

6110, Radio Fana, Addis Ababa, 1728-1740, 20-04, Vernacular comments. 24322.

ITALY/ROMANIA?/BULGARIA?, 7290, Italian Radio Relay Service, *1800-1830, 
20-04, tuning music, id. IRRS, Milano, Italy, English program. 24432. 
Despite being announced Radio City program, 1800-1900, third Friday of the month, Radio City did not go to air. I contacted whit the station about this, and here is the answer:
"Dear Manuel,
It sometimes happens IRRS finds other customers for the Friday evening slot. The 3rd Saturday on 9510 kHz is guaranteed and if there is no other customers repeats of old programmes may be repeated other Saturdays.Radio City was on the air yesterday on 9510 kHz as announced.
Best regards
Radio City - the Station of the Cars"

INDIA
5010. AIR, Thiruvananthapuram, 1718-1725, 20-04, Hindi songs. 15321.

5040, AIR, Jaipore, 1730-1734, 20-04, English, comments. Very weak. 15321.

TANZANIA, 11735, Zanzibar Broadcasting Corporation, Dole, 1745-1810, 20-04, Vernacular comments, at 1800 id. and news in English, female. 25332.

TAJIKISTAN, 4765, Tajik Radio, Dushanbe, 1847-1905, 20-04, Tajik comments and songs. 25332.


Medium Wave Stations heard in Sanxenxo, Pontevedra, during daytime, 20 and 21-04

531 kHz, Radio Nacional de España, Radio 5, Pontevedra, Spain
630 kHz, Antena 1, Miranda do Douro, Portugal
639 kHz, Radio Nacional de España, Radio 1, A Coruña
720 kHz, Antena 1, Mirandela or Canidelo-Porto, Portugal
774 kHz, Radio Nacional de España, Radio 1, Orense, Spain
801 kHz, Radio Nacional de España, Radio 1, Lugo, Spain
855 kHz, Radio Nacional de España, Radio 1, Pontevedra, Spain
873 kHz, Radio Galicia, Cadena SER, Santiago de Compostela, Sapin
900 kHz, Cadena COPE, Vigo, Sapin
972 kHz, Radio Nacional de España, Radio 1, Monfore de Lemos, Lugo, Spain
1026 kHz, Radio Vigo, Cadena SER, Vigo, Spain
1116 kHz, Radio Pontevedra, Cadena Ser, Pontevedra, Spain
1305 kHz, Radio Nacional de España, Radio 5, Orense, Spain
1413 kHz, Radio Nacional de España, Radio 5, Vigo, Spain
1584 kHz, Radio Orense, Cadena SER, Orense, Spain
 

Manuel Méndez
Lugo, Spain

Logs in the Gran Talaso Sanxenxo Hotel balcony, Sanxenxo, Pontevedra, Spain, with my XHDATA D-808 and telescopic antenna. Good propagation conditions Friday evening, but bad conditions Saturday evening and more of the stations heard on Friday could no be heard on Saturday.

Agenda DX 23/04/2018

ANNIVERSARIO EMITTENTI
Radio Rivadavia, Argentina 630 Khz (1959)
Blu Danube R., Austria in FM (1953)

domenica 22 aprile 2018

Glenn Hauser logs April 22, 2018

** CANADA. 346 kHz, April 22 at 0624, ND beacon YXL and dash, 500 watts from Sioux Lookout, Ontario (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CHAD [non]. 5960, April 22 at 0558, R. Ndarason, or Dandal Kura, mentioning Boko Haram multiple times until ASCENSION chops it off abruptly at 0559.5* (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENIG DIGEST)

** CUBA. 13700, April 22 at 1325, RHC again spurless: it`s so lonely (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** OKLAHOMA. 530, April 22 at 1915 UT check, ``K530AM``, Vance AFB remains open carrier as for last several days; how long till anyone-in-charge notice? (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** UGANDA [non]. 15239.93, April 22 at 1430, 1842, 1909 chex, NO signal from WWRB with R. Munansi, nor even on 15240.00. Seems to be off like yesterday, but very poor propagation today; neighbor WWCR 15825 is JBA. Final check at 1909 has some clicking centered on 15240 like OTH radar (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 347 kHz, April 22 at 0625, ND beacon AFK, 25 watts from Nebraska City NE.

353 kHz, April 22 at 0626, ND beacon LI, 400 watts from Little Rock, Arkansas (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. WORLD OF RADIO 1926 monitoring: confirmed on WA0RCR, 1860-AM, Wentzville MO, UT Sunday April 22 at 0352 about 20 minutes in, so started rather late circa 0332; ARRL was still playing at first check 0328. NEW time of Sunday 1900 on WRMI 9395 barely confirmed April 22 --- JBA, but intonation at 1907 with ECSS boost sounds like me; it reads S4, same as the noise level. Other frequency 9455 is slightly stronger with music. Next:
Sun 2330   WBCQ 9330v-CUSB to WSW [maybe, not for last few days]
Mon 0130   WRMI 5850 to NW, 5950 to S, 7780 to NE [NEW]
Mon 0300v  WBCQ 5130v Area 51 to WSW
Mon 0330   WRMI 9955 to SSE
Mon 2330   WBCQ 9330v-CUSB to WSW [maybe]
Tue 0030   WRMI 7730 to WNW
Tue 2030   WRMI 7780 to NE, 9455 to WNW [or #1927?]
Tue 2130   WRMI 7780 to NE, 9455 to WNW [or #1927?]

Full WOR sked on all outlets, podcast access:
http://www.worldofradio.com/radioskd.html
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5950, April 22 at 0558, no signal any more from WRMI with Oldies, as had been heard past week. Never appeared on skedgrid, but off for good?

7570, April 22 at 0615, WRMI still on with BS, after a bit of music, despite new skedgrid showing 2300-0500 only; unknown how far extended, but off by reawakening before 1300 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 1130, April 22 at 1915 UT, KLEY Wellington KS back to SNAFU mode as described multiple times before (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report dispatched at 1950 UT April 22

Media & Tech - 22/04/2018

SWLDXBulgaria News, April 22

AUSTRALIA   Reception of Reach Beyond Australia RBA on April 22:
1100-1130 on 15400 KNX 100 kW / 005 deg to EaAs Japanese Sat/Sun, weak
1245-1300 on  9685 KNX 100 kW / 335 deg to SoAs English Dly, fair/good
1300-1330 on  9610 KNX 100 kW / 335 deg to SoAs English Sun, very good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-reach-beyond-australia-rba.html

AUSTRIA(non)   Reception of Radio DARC via ORF Moosbrunn on April 22:
0900-1000 on  6070 MOS 100 kW / non-dir to CeEu German Sun, very good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-radio-darc-via-orf_22.html

ESWATINI(ex SWAZILAND)   Trans World Radio Africa on April 22:
1400-1415 on 15360 MAN 100 kW / 043 deg to SoAs Urdu, with old
TWR IS: This is Trans World Radio Swaziland. Very good signal:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-trans-world-radio-africa_22.html

GERMANY(non)   Reception of BVB and AWR via MBR Nauen on April 22
Bible Voice Broadcasting
0700-0730 on  5945 NAU 100 kW / 260 deg to WeEu English Sun, fair/good
Adventist World Radio
0900-1000 on 11955 NAU 100 kW / 180 deg to SoEu Italian Sun, very good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-bvb-and-awr-via-mbr-nauen.html

GUAM   Reception of KTWR Trans World Radio Asia in English on April 14
1102-1146 on  9910 TWR 200 kW / 305 deg to EaAs Chi/Eng Sun, fair/good
1059-1156 on 11965 TWR 100 kW / 263 deg to SEAs English Sun, weak/fair
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-ktwr-trans-world-radio_22.html

IRAN   Strong signal of PARS TODAY VIRI IRIB on April 22
1323-1420 on 13730 SIR 500 kW / 336 deg to EaEu Russian:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/strong-signal-of-pars-today-viri-irib_22.html

PALAU   Reception of WHRI T8WH Angel 3, T8WH Angel 4 and T8WH Angel 5 on April 22:
1000-1200 on  9930 HBN 100 kW / 318 deg to EaAs English Sat/Sun T8WH Angel 3, poor
1200-1300 on  9930 HBN 100 kW / 270 deg to SEAs English Sat/Sun T8WH Angel 4, fair
1230-1430 on  9965 HBN 100 kW / 345 deg to NEAs English Sat/Sun T8WH Angel 5, fair
1430-1600 on  9930 HBN 100 kW / 270 deg to SEAs English Sat/Sun T8WH Angel 4, good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-whri-t8wh-angel-3-angel-4.html

PIRATE RADIO   Unidentified Greek Music Pirate in 49mb, April 22
1039&1216 on  6001 unknown transmitter, fair & tx off/on; off/on
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/unidentified-greek-music-pirate-in-49mb_22.html

ROMANIA(non)   Reception of IRRS EGR/UN Radio via ROU RadioCom on April 22
0930-1200 on  9510 SAF 100 kW / 300 deg to WeEu English Sun, weak to fair:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/reception-of-irrs-egrun-radio-via-rou_22.html

USA   Additional broadcasts of Brother Stair via WRMI Okeechobee from April 21:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/04/additional-broadcasts-of-brother-stair.html

--

73! Ivo Ivanov
More information on the shortwave listening hobby,
please visit to http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com

QTH-1: Patreshko, Bulgaria
Receiver: Afedri SDR
Software: SDR-Console v2.3(using remote connection)
Antennas: various Inverted V and beverage antennas.

QTH-2: Sofia OK2, Bulgaria
Receiver: Sony ICF-2001D
Antenna: 30 m. long wire

W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast #2018-111

Greetings to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the
world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” daily W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation
Forecast.

It’s the only daily global HF radio wave propagation forecast produced on
the planet.

I'm a retired heliophysicist, terrestrial meteorologist/climatologist and
one of the few on the planet with advanced education and forecast
experience in both disciplines. In terrestrial weather forecasting I have 45
years of experience and in space weather 34 years.

Created and disseminated by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM in Lakeland, FL, USA ©
1988-2018.

If you find this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast useful to your
hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me
know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com

I enjoy hearing from other fellow radio enthusiasts.

Hams and SWLs that are interested in solar, space & geomagnetic weather as
well as radio wave propagation are a special group of people interested in
broadening their knowledge in science.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Here is my new HF radio wave propagation web page
https://groups.io/g/w4hmradiowavepropagationforecast

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by Groups.io, so
you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a
password.

#111 Issued Sunday April 22, 2018 at 1500 UTC

Important Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Indices-

The daily solar flux index numbers (DSFI) were 76.0 76.8 75.3


There had been 4 days in a row with a 2000 UTC daily solar flux index number
(DSFI) greater than 70.

The official daily sunspot number (DSSN) was 31.

There had been 3 days in a row with a daily sunspot number (DSSN) greater
than 0.

In 2018 there had been 67 days with a daily sunspot number (DSSN) of 0.

Sunspot group #12706 was located near N03E43 with a relatively simple beta
class magnetic field capable of releasing a very small B class solar flare
and an isolated small in size C class solar flare.

Sunspot group #12707 was located near S09E31 with a simple alpha class
magnetic field capable of releasing a very small A class solar flare and an
isolated very small in size B class solar flare.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval planetary K index (Kp) had been at a
quiet to unsettled geomagnetic condition of 3 2 3 2 2 3 2 3.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum solar wind speed ranged between 650 &
530 km/s.

Global Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast-

HF radio wave propagation condition trend April 22, 2018- improving.

HF radio wave propagation condition trend April 23, 2018- improving.

HF radio wave propagation condition trend April 24, 2018- steady.

Northern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

We are now in the fall/spring equinox type of HF radio wave propagation
conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly
balanced across the equator during the fall and spring equinox.

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9 +1 to 9 at night and S1-3
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+ 1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at
night and S8-9 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S4-7 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0-1 at day.

Southern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

We are now in the fall/spring equinox type of HF radio wave propagation
conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly
balanced across the equator during the fall and spring equinox.

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9+1 to 9 at night and S1-3
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at
night and S8-9 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S4-7 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0-1 at day.

This HF Radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the SIGINT_CAP
HF radio wave propagation prediction software. I wrote it beginning in the
late 1980’s but I’m sorry to say that it can’t be distributed to the general
public. It does outperform VOA CAP.

And though this HF radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the
SIGINT_CAP software, I do check the actual band conditions at my location in
the USA and tweak the forecast manually where and when necessary.

I also check global HF radio wave propagation conditions via remoted radio
receivers on every continent of the globe and tweak the forecast manually if
and when necessary.

And last but not least I look at ionsonde stations on every continent of the
globe.

The hamateur radio JT65A mode RF signal levels received are based on 5 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio PSK31 mode RF signal levels received are based on 25
watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio CW mode RF signal levels received are based on 50 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio SSB RF mode signal levels received are based on 100 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The HF shortwave broadcast band AM Mode RF signal levels are based on
100,000 watts (100 kw) and a typical high gain VOA type curtain array
antenna.

Please keep in mind that this is a relatively simplified HF radio wave
propagation forecast, so as to keep it easily understandable and applicable
by the average radio enthusiast.

Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly balanced
during the fall and spring equinoxes and most diametrically opposed during
the summer and winter solstices.

Conditions change daily, weekly, monthly, yearly and by decade, as the
sun rises and sets at different times and at different angles from the
ecliptic, as well as by radio wave frequency. This is due to changes in the
maximum usable frequency (MUF), lowest usable frequency (LUF) and F layer
critical frequency (FoF2). Also by propagation path.

The D and E layers also come into play through RF radio wave signal
absorption and refraction. And then there is sporadic E (Es) radio wave
propagation that can really throw a wrench into the gears so to speak.

Things like sporadic E (Es) radio wave propagation and lightning storm
static can impact HF radio wave propagation in an unpredictable manner and
mostly bad.

Ongoing solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on also impact HF radio
wave propagation conditions in a negative manner.

Lower high frequency (80-30 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner not so much by variations in the maximum usable frequency
(MUF) along a particular propagation path and time but rather due to
geomagnetic elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms (Kp-5 &
greater) that increase signal absorption via the E layer (the altitude of
the radio aurora). Also increases in the lowest usable frequency (LUF) via D
layer RF signal absorption due to hard x-rays, galactic cosmic waves,
elevated background solar flux levels greater than B0 and energetic proton
flux levels at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

Higher frequency (20-10 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner by variations in the maximum usable frequency (MUF) along a
particular propagation path and time due to the current sunspot number and
also due to elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms of Kp-5 &
greater. Also D layer RF signal absorption due to elevated (greater than B0)
background solar flux levels. Also to a lesser extent elevated proton flux
at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO ACTUAL
HF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-

NOTE!!! The propagation indices "interpretations" are my personal
intellectual property. Therefore the radio wave propagation indices
interpretations contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2018 by Thomas F.
Giella, W4HM, all rights reserved. Reproduction of information herein is
allowed without permission in advance as long as proper credit is given.

All 14 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to
see the best global high frequency radio wave propagation possible,
something that happens rarely.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.

3.) A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation
of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days
consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer
than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days
consecutively, greater than C1 best.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign,
indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora
absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF
signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery
time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A
positive number is best.


Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space
Environment Center, other U.S. government entities and educational
institutions, to produce this daily HF radio wave propagation
forecast. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using
taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily HF propagation forecast that I produce from the RAW
public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this
daily HF radio wave propagation forecast contained herein is copyrighted ©
1988-2018 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Also HF radio wave propagation forecasting is still an inexact
science and therefore also an art. The forecasts are not official but for
educational and hobby related purposes only and are subject to human error
and acts of God, therefore no guarantee or warranty implied.

QSL Zeppelin Radio

QSL Zeppelin Radio 7726 KHz - zeppelinradiosw@yahoo.com con QSL elettronica allegata in 15 ore


Log Roberto Pavanello

1350 21/4 08.00 I AM R. - IT Studio DX by Roberto Scaglione buono
1368 21/4 23.15 Manx R. - Douglas EE MX buono
1395 22/4 09.10 R. Aemme - ??? MX insuf
1602 17/4 22.35 R. Segovia - SS ID e pubblicità locale suff.
1652 21/4 23.50 R. Moby Dick - Dutch MX suff.
3915 21/4 23.00 BBC - Singapore EE NX suff.
4885 16/4 20.15 Voice of Hope - Seoul Coreano MX buono
4885 21/4 23.35 R. Clube do Parà - Belem PP MX suff.
5940 21/4 23.40 Voz Missionaria - Camboriu PP predica buono
6150 22/4 08.50 R. Marabu - Tedesco ID e MX buono
6243 22/4 08.30 R. Waves Int. - EE ID e MX buono
6285 15/4 16.30 Atlantis FM - EE ID e MX suff.
6305 22/4 08.40 R. Merlin Int. - EE ID e MX buono
7180 15/4 16.40 VOBME - Asmara Arabo MX suff.
7205 15/4 16.50 Sudan R. - Omdurman Arabo MX suff.
7726 18/4 22.35 Zeppelin R. - EE ID e MX suff.
9650 16/4 20.10 R. Guinee’ - Conakry FF MX buono
10000 18/4 22.30 WWV - Fort Collins EE ID e pip pip suff.
11735 15/4 17.30 Zanzibar BC - Swahili talk buono

Prossimo week-end niente TIPS causa ponte del 1 Maggio

Roberto Pavanello
Vercelli / Italia

Glenn Hauser logs April 21-22, 2018

Alan Roe`s Hitlist Updated:
http://www.w4uvh.net/hitlist.htm

DX/SWL/Media Programs Updated:
http://www.worldofradio.com/dxpgms.html

World of Radio schedules:
http://www.worldofradio.com/radioskd.html

** CUBA. 13700, April 21 at 1329, not a dozen, not any filthy FM spurblobs audible from RHC which is failing to provide them day after day: but I`m sure they`ll be back eventually. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 11860, April 21 at 2302, RHC music still on air, but chops off at 2305.3* while continuing on 11840, 11760, 11700. 11670 soon goes from dead air to join the rest, not including listed 12000 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENIN DIGEST)

** OKLAHOMA. 530, April 21 at 1334 UT, `K530AM` Vance AFB is still dead air; ID will presumably fire on timer at unpredictable intervals (Glenn Hauser, Enid, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** PERU. 5980, April 21 at 2358, JJBA carrier from R. Chaski, cuts off circa 2359:45* so no more slippage. We`ll have less and less reception of this with earlying sunsets (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** SAUDI ARABIA. 15435, April 21 at 1718, wobbly carrier on weak signal, presumed BSKSA as only scheduled 15-18, 500 kW, 320 degrees USward from Riyadh; sounds like interview in Arabic. Only alternative explanation would be CCI from another station slightly off-frequency (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** SOUTH CAROLINA [non]. 9395, Sat Apr 21 at 1251, WRMI with Brother Scare instead of scheduled Oldies. 1300 break for ID, and more TOM with Scourby pontifications. BS had not been starting until 1500 on 9395, but see below. Same as but not synchro with WBCQ, April 21 at 1251, which is closer to on-frequency now, 9329.935v-CUSB (no LSB).

7570, April 21 at 2307, WRMI reactivated with Brother Scare, VG S9+20 during Moanin` `n` Groanin` vespers hour. This frequency had been totally off since December when TOM was drastically cut by WRMI. Again on 315 degree antenna right at us, and too bad it has not been used for any rational programming. The skedgrid 
http://www.tinyurl.com/WRMIfqs 
has now been updated as of April 21 to show XMTR 11 on 7570, 315 degrees with light green System C TOM at 23-05 (and all the rest: 7730 at 01-04, 5850 at 02-05; 9395 at 10-19; 7780 at 17-20) (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 

** SPAIN. 15390 & 15520, Sat Apr 21 at 1719 no signals from REE, but fair on 17855 with a partido. O, the 161-degree distorted transmitter is supposed to be on unpropagable 21620 for the weekend 14-18 expansion, and then 15390 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** UGANDA [non]. 15240, Saturday April 21 at 1720, no signal detectable from WWRB with R. Munansi. It might be due to degraded propagation, except neighbor 15825 WWCR is getting a sporadic-E boost up to S9+10! (also on 13845, and even more on 12160, S9+20/30. Nor was 15240 audible around 1430 UT check via UTwente. So appears to be OFF. Please check 15240 Sunday between 14 and 21 UT (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [non]. 9490, April 21 at 1256, YL alternating English and Korean, a les about such confusing but vital idioms as ``under the weather``. This hour only is VOA Korean, 250 kW, 333 degrees from TINIAN (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. WORLD OF RADIO 1926 monitoring: missing again from WBCQ, Saturday April 21 at 2130 when has been on 9330. Now 9329.82v-CUSB keeps playing BS from 2128 past 2130. Makes the third day in a row this has happened, along with April 19 & 20 at 2330. No notification or reply from WBCQ whether this be intentional.

And for the second week, contrary to its own websked, 7780 WRMI at 2300 Sat April 21 is airing `Voice of the Report of the Week` along with some other frequencies, instead of WOR. But next airing, UT Sunday April 22 at 0200 on 7780, WOR is reconfirmed, fair.

Furthermore, skedgrid update shows another NEW TIME for WOR: Sunday 1900 on 9395. That`s JBA here, but should be better along the 355 degree azimuth from Okee. Next:
Sun 0310v  WA0RCR 1860-AM ND
Sun 1030   HLR 9485-CUSB to WSW [suspended until April 29]
Sun 1900   WRMI 9395 to NNW [NEW]
Sun 2330   WBCQ 9330v-CUSB to WSW [maybe]
Mon 0130   WRMI 5850 to NW, 5950 to S, 7780 to NE [NEW]
Mon 0300v  WBCQ 5130v Area 51 to WSW
Mon 0330   WRMI 9955 to SSE
Mon 2330   WBCQ 9330v-CUSB to WSW [maybe]
Tue 0030   WRMI 7730 to WNW
Tue 2030   WRMI 7780 to NE, 9455 to WNW [or #1927?]
Tue 2130   WRMI 7780 to NE, 9455 to WNW [or #1927?]

Full WOR sked on all outlets, podcast access:
http://www.worldofradio.com/radioskd.html
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5950, April 21 at 2345, this WRMI with FR in Spanish still has a SAH as if a second slightly offset transmitter be upon it; nor does updated skedgrid show Oldies on 5950 between 0200 and 1100 as we have been hearing it the past week. http://www.tinyurl.com/WRMIfqs

Finally! it does show 9395 with RAE in German at 19-20, Italian at 20-21, weekdays, where they have been for months, but also still shows same at 21-22 & 22-23 on 11580, a disused frequency so far. 

See also SOUTH CAROLINA [non] for WRMI`s Brother Scare changes; and USA: WORLD OF RADIO monitoring (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5050, April 22 at 0002, no signal from WWRB nor on any 90mb frequency. I`ve yet to hear them on reactivated 5050 as others have reported. Nor was 15240 heard by me earlier April 21, see UGANDA [non] (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 1130, April 21 at 1134 UT, KLEY Wellington KS is back to normal at the moment, continuous carrier and modulation! Promo for a co-ed mud volleyball festival sponsored by Rocking M Media, usual slogan ID ``The Wave, 100.3 and 1130, your music stations from the wheat capital of the world``. No doubt the SNAFU will be back anon (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report despatched at 0233 UT April 22

W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast #2018-111

Greetings to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the
world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” daily W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation
Forecast.

It’s the only daily global HF radio wave propagation forecast produced on
the planet.

I'm a retired heliophysicist, terrestrial meteorologist/climatologist and
one of the few on the planet with advanced education and forecast
experience in both disciplines. In terrestrial weather forecasting I have 45 
years of experience and in space weather 34 years.

Created and disseminated by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM in Lakeland, FL, USA ©
1988-2018.

If you find this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast useful to your
hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me
know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com

I enjoy hearing from other fellow radio enthusiasts.

Hams and SWLs that are interested in solar, space & geomagnetic weather as
well as radio wave propagation are a special group of people interested in
broadening their knowledge in science.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Here is my new HF radio wave propagation web page
https://groups.io/g/w4hmradiowavepropagationforecast

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by Groups.io, so
you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a
password.

#111 Issued Saturday April 21, 2018 at 1530 UTC

Important Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Indices-

The daily solar flux index numbers (DSFI) were 73.9 73.0 73.5


There had been 3 days in a row with a 2000 UTC daily solar flux index number 
(DSFI) greater than 70.

The official daily sunspot number (DSSN) was 14.

There had been 2 days in a row with a daily sunspot number (DSSN) greater 
than 0.

In 2018 there had been 67 days with a daily sunspot number (DSSN) of 0.

Sunspot group #12706 was located near N03E57 with a relatively simple beta 
class magnetic field capable of releasing very small B class solar flares 
and an isolated small in size C class solar flare.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval planetary K index (Kp) had been at an 
unsettled geomagnetic condition to moderate geomagnetic storming of 4 4 6 6 
4 5 5 3.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum solar wind speed ranged between 699 & 
320 km/s.

Global Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast-

HF radio wave propagation condition trend April 21, 2018- steady state.

HF radio wave propagation condition trend April 22, 2018- improving.

HF radio wave propagation condition trend April 23, 2018- improving.

Steady state means that HF radio wave propagation conditions are not 
improving or deteriorating.

Northern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

We are now in the fall/spring equinox type of HF radio wave propagation 
conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly 
balanced across the equator during the fall and spring equinox.

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9 +1 to 9 at night and S1-3 
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+ 1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at 
night and S8-9 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S4-7 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0-1 at day.

Southern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

We are now in the fall/spring equinox type of HF radio wave propagation
conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly
balanced across the equator during the fall and spring equinox.

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9+1 to 9 at night and S1-3 
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at 
night and S8-9 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S4-7 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0-1 at day.

This HF Radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the SIGINT_CAP
HF radio wave propagation prediction software. I wrote it beginning in the
late 1980’s but I’m sorry to say that it can’t be distributed to the general
public. It does outperform VOA CAP.

And though this HF radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the
SIGINT_CAP software, I do check the actual band conditions at my location in
the USA and tweak the forecast manually where and when necessary.

I also check global HF radio wave propagation conditions via remoted radio
receivers on every continent of the globe and tweak the forecast manually if
and when necessary.

And last but not least I look at ionsonde stations on every continent of the
globe.

The hamateur radio JT65A mode RF signal levels received are based on 5 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio PSK31 mode RF signal levels received are based on 25
watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio CW mode RF signal levels received are based on 50 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio SSB RF mode signal levels received are based on 100 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The HF shortwave broadcast band AM Mode RF signal levels are based on
100,000 watts (100 kw) and a typical high gain VOA type curtain array
antenna.

Please keep in mind that this is a relatively simplified HF radio wave
propagation forecast, so as to keep it easily understandable and applicable
by the average radio enthusiast.

Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly balanced
during the fall and spring equinoxes and most diametrically opposed during
the summer and winter solstices.

Conditions change daily, weekly, monthly, yearly and by decade, as the
sun rises and sets at different times and at different angles from the
ecliptic, as well as by radio wave frequency. This is due to changes in the
maximum usable frequency (MUF), lowest usable frequency (LUF) and F layer
critical frequency (FoF2). Also by propagation path.

The D and E layers also come into play through RF radio wave signal
absorption and refraction. And then there is sporadic E (Es) radio wave
propagation that can really throw a wrench into the gears so to speak.

Things like sporadic E (Es) radio wave propagation and lightning storm
static can impact HF radio wave propagation in an unpredictable manner and
mostly bad.

Ongoing solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on also impact HF radio
wave propagation conditions in a negative manner.

Lower high frequency (80-30 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner not so much by variations in the maximum usable frequency
(MUF) along a particular propagation path and time but rather due to
geomagnetic elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms (Kp-5 &
greater) that increase signal absorption via the E layer (the altitude of
the radio aurora). Also increases in the lowest usable frequency (LUF) via D
layer RF signal absorption due to hard x-rays, galactic cosmic waves,
elevated background solar flux levels greater than B0 and energetic proton
flux levels at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

Higher frequency (20-10 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner by variations in the maximum usable frequency (MUF) along a
particular propagation path and time due to the current sunspot number and
also due to elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms of Kp-5 &
greater. Also D layer RF signal absorption due to elevated (greater than B0)
background solar flux levels. Also to a lesser extent elevated proton flux
at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO ACTUAL
HF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-

NOTE!!! The propagation indices "interpretations" are my personal
intellectual property. Therefore the radio wave propagation indices
interpretations contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2018 by Thomas F.
Giella, W4HM, all rights reserved. Reproduction of information herein is
allowed without permission in advance as long as proper credit is given.

All 14 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to
see the best global high frequency radio wave propagation possible,
something that happens rarely.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.

3.) A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation
of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days
consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer
than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days
consecutively, greater than C1 best.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign,
indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora
absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF
signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery
time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A
positive number is best.


Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space
Environment Center, other U.S. government entities and educational
institutions, to produce this daily HF radio wave propagation
forecast. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using
taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily HF propagation forecast that I produce from the RAW
public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this
daily HF radio wave propagation forecast contained herein is copyrighted ©
1988-2018 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Also HF radio wave propagation forecasting is still an inexact
science and therefore also an art. The forecasts are not official but for
educational and hobby related purposes only and are subject to human error
and acts of God, therefore no guarantee or warranty implied.

Carlos Gonçalves, SW coast of Portugal logs April 12-18

ÁFRICA DO SUL
3320 SAUK/R.Sonder Grense, Meyerton, 2154-2220, 14/4, africânder, texto, noticiário (iniciado logo antes das 2200), canções; 45343.

ANGOLA
4949,7 RNA-Canal "A", Mulenvos, 2143-2155, 12/4, prgr. Fórum, c/ entrevistas e música pop'; 35332.

AUSTRÁLIA
6230BLS Estação Marítima VMW, Wiluna, Austrália Ocidental, 1803-..., 15/4, avisos meteorológicos; 25342.

8113BLS idem, 1805-..., 15/4, cf. 6230 supra; 15341.

8176BLS Estação Marítima VMC, Charleville, Queensland, 1807-..., 15/4, avisos meteorológicos; 15341.

12365BLS Estação Marítima VMC, Charleville, QLD, 1808-..., 18/4, avisos meteorológicos; 15441.

BANGLADEXE
4750 Bangladesh Betar, Xavar, 1700-1705*, 15/4, texto (noticiário?); 15341

BOLÍVIA
3310 R.Mosoj Chaski, Cochabamba, 2220-22230, 16/4, quíchua, texto, música; 25331.

6134,8 R.Santa Cruz, St.ª Cruz de la Sierra, 2205-2215, 17/4, castelhano, noticiário; 25432, áudio defeituoso.

BRASIL
4778,8 R.Congonhas, Congonhas MG, 2137-2147, 12/4, missa; 35342.

4862 R.Alvorada, Londrina PR, 2113-2123, 16/4, texto; 15341.

4875,3 R.Roraima, Boa Vista RR, 2139-2149, 12/4, conversa, chamadas de ouvintes, música, prgr. patrocinado pela Casa Reis; 35333.

4885 R.Dif.ª Acreana, Rio Branco AC, 2141-2150, 12/4, texto, canções; 33331, QRM do B.

4985 R.Brasil Central, Goiânia GO, 2134-2145, 13/4, prgr. musical Brasil Sertanejo; 35332. Sinal muito melhor, em 14/4, pelas 2200.

5035 R.Educação Rural, Coari AM, 2145-2156, 12/4, canções, texto, recitação do terço; 25331.

5939,7 R.Voz Missionária, Camboriú SC, 2136-2146, 13/4, propag. relig. e canções a condizer...; 45433.

6010 R.Inconfidência, Belo Horizonte MG, 2119-2130, 16/4, texto, canções; 25331. // 15190,1 ainda pior.

6040,7 R.Evangelizar, Curitiba PR, 2201-2210, 12/4, noticiário nac. A Voz do Brasil; 34342, QRM adjacente.

6059,8 SRDA, Curitiba PR, 2203-3312, 12/4, noticiário nac. A Voz do Brasil; 24342, QRM adjacente.

6080 R.Marumby, Curitiba PR, 2205-2215, 12/4, noticiário nac. A Voz do Brasil; 33442, QRM adjacente.

9515 R.Marumby, Curitiba PR, 2107-2118, 16/4, propag. relig.; 35443.

9550 R.Boa Vontade, Pt.º Alegre RS, 2109-..., 16/4, propag. relig., coro; 24432, QRM adjacente.

9550,1 idem, 2140-..., 13/4, texto; 13441, QRM adjacente.

9564,9 SRDA, Curitiba PR, 0921-1040, 14/4, propag. relig.; 25442. Não foi observada a h a que o sinal se desvaneceu por completo.

9630,6 R.Aparecida, Aparecida SP, 1812-1824, 12/4, propag. relig., canções; 35332.
9630,6 idem, 1103-desvan. total 1150, 14/4, missa, texto; 15341.

9665 R.Voz Missionária, Camboriú SC, 2205-2215, 14/4, propag. relig.; 34443, QRM adj.; súbito abaixamento de potência do sinal, às 2209.
9665 idem, 0953-1000, 15/4, canções relig. em estilo de música popular brasileira; 25432. O sinal foi bloqueado por outro, às 2200.
9665 idem, 2111-..., 16/4, canções, leituras bíblicas; 45444.

9725,4 R.Evangelizar, Curitiba PR, 2142-2153, 13/4, propag. relig., anúncios comerc.; 33432, QRM adjacente.
9725,4 idem, 2212-..., 14/4, ceitação do terço; 35433, sinal ainda mais forte do que em 16/4, às 2100.
9725,4 idem, 0951-1045, 18/4, boletim de notícias Evangelizar Informa, indicação das freqs., recitação do terço, ..., canções; 25432.

9818,6 R. 9 de Julho, São Paulo SP, 2215-2225, 14/4, entrevista; 33442, QRM adjacente. // 1600, SINPO 33442.
9818,6 idem, 0955-1004, 15/4, canções, texto, às 1000; 15331; QRM adj., da CHN, às 1000.

11735 R.Transmundial, St.ª M.ª RS, 1820-..., 16/4, propag. relig.; 33431, QRM da TZA.
11735 idem, 2045-2100*, 16/4, canções; 45444.

11815 R.Brasil Central, Goiânia GO, 2047-2056, 16/4, prgr. musical Brasil Sertanejo, informações do Estado de Goiás, ID e indicação de freqs. cantadas; 35443.
11815 idem, 1208-1225, 17/4, texto (noticiário?); 15341.

11855,8 R.Aparecida, Aparecida SP, 1202-1355, 14/4, entrevista acerca de temas relig., canções, ..., texto; 25442, QRM adj., mais tarde.
11855,8 idem, 2049-2105, 16/4, canções em prgr. de propag. relig.; 45444.

11895,1 R.Boa Vontade, Pt.ª Alegre RS, 2037-2049, 16/4, propag. relig.; 35443, sinal anormalmente bom.

11934,9 R.Evangelizar, Curitiba PR, 2040-2051, 16/4, propag. relig.; 34443, QRM adjacente.

15190,1 R.Inconfidência, Belo Horizonte MG, 1446-..., 15/4, texto; 15441.

CHINA
3990 Emissora de Xinjiangue, Urumqui, 1742-1751, uigure, 15/4, texto, música pop' local; 25342. Encerramento logo após ao sinal horário das 1800.

CLANDESTINAS
3910 Voz do Povo, Goiangue, Coreia do Sul, 2117-2127, 16/4, emissão em coreano destinada à Coreia do Norte, canções, texto; 13331,QRM do sinal de empastelamento norte-coreano.

3930 idem, 2116-2126, 16/4, cf. // 3910 supra , canções, texto; 23331, QRM do sinal de empastelamento norte-coreano.

4450 idem, 2115-2125, 16/4, cf. // 3910 e 3930 supra, canções, texto; 23331, QRM de CODAR e do sinal de empastelamento norte-coreano.

9155 R.Som de Esperança Int'l., Formosa, 1522-1532, 15/4, emissão em mandarim destinada à China continental, texto; 15341.

11100 idem, 1532-1542, 15/4, emissão em mandarim destinada à China continental, texto; 15341.

12100 idem, 1535-1545, 15/4, emissão em mandarim destinada à China continental, texto; 15341.

CUBA
5025 R.Rebelde, Bauta, 0933-desvan. total 0955, 18/4, texto; 15431.

ETIÓPIA
5950 A Voz da Revolução do Tigrê, Geja Jawe, 1732-1744, 13/4, líng. local, texto; 45433.

7236,4 R.Etiópia, Geja Jawe, 1520-1545, 15/4, líng. local, texto, música; 15341, mas em ascensão; SINPO 25442 às 1625.

GUINÉ-Conacri
9650 R.Guinée, Sonfonia, 1819-..., 12/4, líng. local, música pop' africana, texto; 45444.

9650 idem, 1050-1135, 15/4, francês, prgr. de segurança rodoviária Prudência na Estrada, seguindo-se o prgr. musical Tribuna das Celebridades; 45444.

ÍNDIA
4950 R.Caxemira, Srinagar, 1734-1739, 17/4, líng. ind., texto; 35332.

5010 AIR Thiruvananthapuram, Mutthathura, 1732-1739, 17/4, líng. ind., texto; 35433.

5040 AIR Jeypore, Odixa, 1658-..., 15/4, cânticos; 25331.
5040 idem, 1733-1739, 17/4, líng. ind.,  texto; 25432.

MADAGÁSCAR
5010 R.TV Madagasikara, Ambohidrano, 1741-1753, 15/4, malgaxe, texto, canções; 25342. Sinal consistindo em portadora c/ banda lateral (inferior) suprimida.

MALÁSIA
9835 Sarawak FM via RTM, Kanjangue, 1107-desvan. total 1235, 17/4, canções, anúncios comerc., ..., texto, oração corânica, antes das 1200, canções; 25442.

MALI
R.Mali, Kati, 1100-..., 18/4, líng. local, texto; 45444... mas o áudio era muito fraco e algo distorcido.

NOVA ZELÂNDIA
7425 R.NZi, Rangitaiki, 1047-desvan. total 1106, 15/4, inglês, entrevista, ..., texto; 25331.

PERU
4774,9 R.Tarma, Tarma, 2203-2213, 17/3, castelhano, texto; 23341, QRM de CODAR e do B.

PIRATAS
3910 Não identif., 1803-..., 14/4, música pop'; 25331; sinal razoável, pelas 1145.

3910 Não identif. (=14/4?), 1801-..., 15/4, música pop'; 25331.

SINGAPURA
3915 BBC, retransmissora de Kranji, 2158-2215, 17/4, abertura de emissão do Serviço Mundial, em inglês, para o sudeste asiático, às 2200, anúncio de alguma programação, noticiário das 2200, seguindo-se-lhe o prgr. Fórum; 33543.

SUDÃO
7205 C.ª de R. e TV Sudanesa, Al Aitahab, 1616-1629, 15/4, árabe, texto, entrevistas, canções; 24342, QRM adjacente.

TANZÂNIA
11735 C.ª de R. de Zanzibar, Dole, 1702-1715, 14/4, suaíli, música, texto; 34443, QRM do B.

VIETNAME
9635,8 R.Voz do Vietname, Son Tay, 0950-desvan. total 1120, 15/4, vietnamita, texto, música; 25432.

ZÂMBIA
4965 Voz da Esperança, Rancho Makeni, 1816-1826, 16/4, inglês, texto, canções; 44433, QRM adj., de sinal de ponto a ponto. // 6065.

6065 idem, 1814, 1825, 16/4, cf. // 4965 supra; 55444.
_____________________________________________________________________________

Good DX and 73, (Carlos Gonçalves, DX LISTENING DIGEST)